Recorded in 1819, C.G.C. Reinwardt as among the first to climb Mount Gede, followed by FW Junghuhn (1839-1861), J.E. Teijsmann (1839), A.R. Wallace (1861), S.H. Koorders (1890), M. Treub (1891), W.M. Docters van Leeuwen (1911), and C.G.G.J. van Steenis (1920-1952) has made a collection of plants as the basis for his book, The Mountain Flora of Java, published in 1972.
Mount Gede also has a diversity of ecosystems consisting of forest formations submontana, montana, subalpin; well as ecosystem lakes, swamps, and savanna.
Mount Gede famous for its variety of birds as many as 251 species of the 450 species that exist in Java. Some of them are kind of rare birds are eagles Java (Spizaetus bartelsi) and plop Java (Otus angelinae).
National Park of Mount Gede-Pangrango defined by UNESCO as a Biosphere Reserve in 1977, and as Sister Park to Taman Negara
Mount Gede forest surrounded by mountains, which include submontana zone, montana zone, up to subalpin zone around the peak. Montane forest in this region is one of the richest flora species in Indonesia, even in Malesia region.