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Monday, July 29, 2013

Mount Gede

Mount Gede 

Mount Gede has unique natural conditions and unique, making it one of the Mount Gede as natural laboratories of interest to researchers for a long time. Mount Gede is also a volcanoes in Indonesia
Recorded in 1819, C.G.C. Reinwardt as among the first to climb Mount Gede, followed by FW Junghuhn (1839-1861), J.E. Teijsmann (1839), A.R. Wallace (1861), S.H. Koorders (1890), M. Treub (1891), W.M. Docters van Leeuwen (1911), and C.G.G.J. van Steenis (1920-1952) has made ​​a collection of plants as the basis for his book, The Mountain Flora of Java, published in 1972.
Mount Gede also has a diversity of ecosystems consisting of forest formations submontana, montana, subalpin; well as ecosystem lakes, swamps, and savanna.
Mount Gede famous for its variety of birds as many as 251 species of the 450 species that exist in Java. Some of them are kind of rare birds are eagles Java (Spizaetus bartelsi) and plop Java (Otus angelinae).
National Park of Mount Gede-Pangrango defined by UNESCO as a Biosphere Reserve in 1977, and as Sister Park to Taman Negara
Mount Gede is a mountain located on the island of Java, Indonesia. Mount Gede are within the scope of Pangrango Gede National Park, which is one of the 5 national parks was first notified to masyrarakat Indonesia in 1980. Mount Gede are in the region of 3 districts namely Bogor district, Cianjur and Sukabumi, with a height of 1000-3000 m. above sea level, and is at latitude 106 ° 51 '- 107 ° 02' E and 64 ° 1 '- 65 ° 1 LS. The average temperature at the top of the mountain Gede 18 ° C and in the evening peak temperatures ranging from 5 ° C, with an average rainfall of 3,600 mm / year. The main gate to the mountain is from Cibodas and Cipanas.
Mount Gede forest surrounded by mountains, which include submontana zone, montana zone, up to subalpin zone around the peak. Montane forest in this region is one of the richest flora species in Indonesia, even in Malesia region.


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